Hazards

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While the hazards listed in the HCS represent the majority of potential workplace hazards, the list is not all-inclusive, especially for health hazards. Table 2 is a list of important health hazards that should be evaluated in addition to those specifically listed by the HCS. In conducting the hazard determination, one should be cognizant of all types of physical and health hazards.

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The hazard determination for these chemicals may be more involved since reliable data compilations may not exist. The determination in this case requires a more exhaustive search for information. If a mixture has not been tested as a whole to determine whether the mixture is a physical hazard, the chemical manufacturer or importer may use whatever scientifically valid data are available to evaluate the physical hazards of the mixture. The definition for hazardous chemical in the standard is thus very broad, and it is not likely that many chemicals will be considered non-hazardous if they have been adequately tested. However, the standard does not require the testing of chemicals – only the collection and analysis of currently available data.

Testing should be considered if hazardous properties are suspected. Eye hazard For a hazard determination to be complete, one must consider all std symptoms women possible hazards, and document any hazards that are identified.

  • The HCS classifies chemical agents as toxic or highly toxic based on the number of deaths that occur following brief exposure of rodents.
  • Data obtained with other strains or species can also be used in the determination of irritation potential.
  • The difference in the two categories is strictly the dose at which the toxicity occurs.
  • The analysis is based on the LD50 and LC50 (median lethal inhalation concentration for a one-hour exposure. The LD50 and LC50 represent the dose or concentration, respectively, at which 50% of the test animals will be expected to die.

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This document addresses only the hazard determination process, and will not discuss risk assessment, which is not performed under the OSHA HCS. Appropriately train all your employees in their duties.All employees should have basic Level 1, Level 2, or Level 3 Health and Safety Training or Office Safety Training, in addition to training for any specific workplace hazards.

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The difference between the terms hazard and risk is often poorly understood. Hazard refers to an inherent property of a substance that is capable of causing an adverse effect. Risk, on the other hand, refers to the probability that an adverse effect will occur with specific exposure conditions. Thus, a substance will present the same hazard in all situations due to its innate chemical or physical properties and its actions on cells and tissues. However, considerable differences may exist in the risk posed by a substance, depending on how the substance is contained or handled, personal protective measures used, and other conditions that result in or limit exposure.

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